Levamisole HCl: 2.00%w/v
Cobalt Sulphate: 0.40%w/v
Oxyclozanide and Levamisole act against a broad spectrum of gastrointestinal worms and against lung worms. Oxyclozanide is a salicylanilide and acts against Trematodes, bloodsucking nematodes and larvae of hypoderma and Oestrus spp. Levamisole causes an increase of the axial muscle tone followed by paralysis of worms.
Oxyclozanide and Levamisole Oral Suspension is prophylaxis and treatment of gastrointestinal and lung worm infections in cattle, calves, sheep and goats like: Trichostrongylus, Cooperia, Ostertagia, Haemonchus, Nematodirus, Chabertia, Bunostomum, Dictyocaulus and Fasciola (liverfluke) spp.
For treatment & control of round, tape worms, liver fluke & cobalt deficiency.
LIVERFLUKE NO.1 is highly effective at a single dose rate in buffaloes, cattle sheep & goats against:
(1) All stomach and intestinal round worms including nematodirus & ostertagia species.
(2) Lung worms causing hoose & husk.
(3) Tapeworm segments.
(4) Liver flukes.
Pharmacological action: N/A
Usage and administration:
For oral administration.
Cattle, calves : 5 ml. per 10 kg. body weight.
Sheep and goats : 1 ml. per 2 kg. body weight.
Shake well before use.
LIVERFLUKE NO.1 should be used:
1. All times of the year when treatment for both liver fluke and roundworm is necessary.
2. For all brought-in stock.
3. In Summer when simultaneous control of roundworms and removal of liver fluke is required.
Normal worms’ infection without any outward signs can be seriously harmful to production. It is therefore advisable to plan dosing programme on herd or flock basis and not to wait until worm infestation breakout in the entire farm. Such programme should be related to management systems and the major danger periods of worm infection.
Side effect and contraindication: N/A
Wash hands after use of LIVERFLUKE NO.1.
Milking 24 hours and slaughtering 14days.
Storage and expired time:
Protect from heat & light. Store below 30.C.
Hello, Acalculous cholecystitis is a gallbladder inflammation without gallstones. Patients can have signs of fever, jaundice, right upper quadrant mass and pain, and Murphy’s sign, which is gallbladder pain induced by your hand when you palpate the gallbladder at the same time as the patient inhale. Patients are usually very ill due to complications of gallbladder inflammation, like Gallbladder necrosis, gangrene, and perforation, that can lead to peritonitis, sepsis, and shock.The lab values can show increased amount of Alkaline phosphatase, Aminotransferases, Bilirubin and Leukocytes. The most important test to make is Ultrasonography. Ultrasonography can show that there are no gallstones or sludge; more than 3 mm gallbladder wall thickening, more than 5 cm gallbladder distension, a striated gallbladder, mucosal sloughing, a positive Murphy’s sign induced by the ultrasonography probe, pericholecystic fluid that indicates perforation that can lead to abscess formation, and “Champagne sign” with gas bubbles in gallbladder fundus. If Ultrasonography is not enough for diagnosis, then Cholescintigraphy, a so-called HIDA scan can be used. But it takes hours to perform, so it’s not recommended in critically ill patients in whom a delay in therapy could be deadly. Here we inject Technetium labeled Hepatic IminoDiacetic Acid that is taken up by liver cells and excreted into bile to the gallbladder. If this does not happen, then it’s an indication of acalculous cholecystitis. We can inject Morphine that helps the liver cells to secrete bile into the gallbladder, and thereby makes the diagnosis easier. We treat acalculous cholecystitis with antibiotics and surgery. Before giving antibiotics, we need to take a blood culture. While we wait for the blood culture results, we start a broad-spectrum antibiotic combination, like Ampicillin-Sulbactam, or Piperacillin-Tazobactam, or Ticarcillin-Clavulanate, or Ceftriaxone-Metronidazole. When we get the blood culture results we start to treat the specific microbes that infect the gallbladder, like for example Bacteroides, Escherichia coli, Enterococcus faecalis, Klebsiella, Methicillin-resistant Staphylococcus aureus (MRSA), Pseudomonas, or Proteus species. Then it’s very important to surgically operate as soon as possible. We usually start with a Cholecystostomy. But if we don’t see an improvement within 24 hours after the operation, we start Cholecystectomy immediately. Sometimes, when there is gallbladder necrosis, perforation, or emphysematous cholecystitis, we start with Cholecystectomy right from the beginning. Thank you very much for listening!