Each ml. contains ivermectin 10 mg.
Parasitic diseases are common in animals. Parasites can affect the skin, ears, stomach and intestines, and the internal organs including the heart, lungs and liver. Several drugs have been developed to kill or prevent parasites such as fleas, ticks, mites and worms. Ivermectin and related drugs are among the most effective of these.
Ivermectin is a parasite control drug. Ivermectin causes neurologic damage to the parasite, resulting in paralysis and death. Ivermectin has been used to prevent parasite infections, as with heartworm prevention, and to treat infections, as with ear mites.
Ivermectin is a prescription drug and can only be obtained from a veterinarian or by prescription from a veterinarian.
The injection is mainly applied to treat domestic animal’s diseases of gastrointestinal nematodes, hypoderma bovis, hypoderma lineatum, sheep nose bot, psoroptes ovis, sarcoptes scabiei var. Suis,sarcoptes ovis, fasciola(Liver Fluke), oestrus spp and the like.
Cattle: Ostertagia ostertagi (including inhibited o. ostertagi), o. lyrata, haemonchus placei, trichostrongylus axei, t. colubriformis, cooperia oncophora, c. punctata, c. pectinata, bunostomum phlebotomum, nematodirus helvetianus (adults only), n. spathiger (adults only), oesophagostomum radiatum, dictyocaulus viviparus, fasciola hepatica (adults only), hypoderma bovis, h. lineatum, linognathus vituli, haematopinus eurysternus, solenopotes capillatus, psoroptes ovis (syn. p. communis var. bovis), sarcoptes scabiei var. bovis. Sheep: Oestrus ovis, sarcoptes scabiei, psoregates var ovis, trichostrongylus axei, haemonchus sps., ostertagia sps., trichostrongylus sps., nematodirus sps., cooperia sps., bunostomum sps., strongyloides sps., oesophagastomum sps., chabertia sps., trichuris sps., dictyocaulus sps. Dogs: Sarcoptes scabiei, otodectes cynotis, toxascaris leonina, toxocara caninum / cati, uncinaria stenocephala, ancylostoma caninum, trichuris vulpis,dirifilaria (larval stages)
Usage and administration:
Cattle: 1.0 ml/50 kg body weight.
Sheep: 0.5 ml/25 kg body weight.
Dogs: 0.5 ml /25 kg body weight.
Medication should never be administered without first consulting your veterinarian. The dose for ivermectin varies from species to species and also depends on the intent of treatment. General dosing guidelines follow.
For dogs: Dose is 0.0015 to 0.003 mg per pound (0.003 to 0.006 mg/kg) once a month for heartworm prevention; 0.15 mg per pound (0.3 mg/kg) once, then repeat in 14 days for skin parasites; and 0.1 mg per pound (0.2 mg/kg) once for gastrointestinal parasites.
For cats: Dose is 0.012 mg per pound (0.024 mg/kg) once monthly for heartworm prevention.
The duration of administration depends on the condition being treated, response to the medication and the development of any adverse effects. Be certain to complete the prescription unless specifically directed by your veterinarian. Even if your pet feels better, the entire treatment plan should be completed to prevent relapse or prevent the development of resistance.
Side effect and contraindication:
While generally safe and effective when prescribed by a veterinarian, ivermectin can cause side effects in some animals. Ivermectin should not be used in animals with known hypersensitivity or allergy to the drug. Ivermectin should be used with caution in collie breeds or collie mixed breeds due to potential toxic effects. This is particularly true when using higher doses. Ivermectin should not be used in dogs that are positive for heartworm disease except under strict supervision of a veterinarian. Prior to starting a heartworm prevention containing ivermectin, the dog should be tested for heartworms. Ivermectin generally should be avoided in dogs less than 6 weeks of age. Ivermectin is relatively safe, but overdoses can occur if massive amounts are given or if the drug is given to heartworm positive dogs. Signs of overdose, including stumbling, tremors, blindness, disorientation or weakness, generally occur within 12 hours of overdose.
In heartworm positive dogs, supportive treatment for shock may be required. Ivermectin should be used with caution at high doses, a drug used to treat or prevent flea infestations.
The withdrawal time of 49 days has been established for ivermectin and clorsulon in cattle and sheep for slaughter. A withdrawal period for milk has not been established.
Keep this and all drugs out of the reach of children.
Storage and expired time：
Put in cool, dry and dark place.
Components of the gastrointestinal tract (GI tract) and digestive enzymes. This video and other related animations and images are available for instant download licensing here: https://www.alilamedicalmedia.com/-/galleries/images-videos-by-medical-specialties/gastroenterology-digestive-diseases
Voice by: Sue Stern
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The digestive system is composed of 2 main components: the gastrointestinal tract, or GI tract, where digestion and absorption take place; and accessory organs which secrete various fluids/enzymes to help with digestion. The GI tract is a continuous chain of organs where food enters at one end and waste gets out from the other. These organs are lined with smooth muscles whose rhythmic contractions generate waves of movement along their walls, known as peristalsis. Peristalsis is the force that propels food down the tract.
Digestion is the process of breaking down food into smaller, simpler components, so they can be absorbed by the body. Basically, carbohydrates such as sugars and starch are broken down into glucose, proteins into amino acids, and fat molecules into fatty acids and glycerol.
Digestion starts in the oral cavity where the food is moistened with saliva and chewed, food bolus is formed to facilitate swallowing. Saliva is secreted by the salivary glands and contains the enzyme amylase. Amylase breaks down starch into maltose and dextrin which are processed further in the small intestine.
The food bolus is propelled down the esophagus into the stomach, the major organ of the GI tract. The stomach produces gastric juice containing pepsin, a protease, and hydrochloric acid which act to digest proteins. At the same time, mechanical churning is performed by muscular contraction of the stomach wall. The result is the formation of chyme, a semi-liquid mass of partially digested food. Chyme is stored in the stomach and is slowly released into the first part of the small intestine, the duodenum. The duodenum receives the following digestive enzymes from accessory organs:
- Bile, produced in the liver and stored in the gallbladder; bile emulsifies fats and makes it easier for lipases to break them down.
- Pancreatic juice from the pancreas. This mixture contains proteases, lipases and amylase, and plays major role in digestion of proteins and fats.
The small intestine also produces its own enzymes: peptidases, sucrase, lactase, and maltase. Intestinal enzymes contribute mainly to the hydrolysis of polysaccharides.
The small intestine is where most of digestion and absorption take place. The walls of the small intestine absorb the digested nutrients into the bloodstream, which in turn delivers them to the rest of the body. In the small intestine, the chyme moves more slowly allowing time for thorough digestion and absorption. This is made possible by segmentation contractions of the circular muscles in the intestinal walls. Segmentation contractions move chyme in both directions. This allows a better mixing with digestive juices and a longer contact time with the intestinal walls.
The large intestine converts digested left-over into feces. It absorbs water and any remaining nutrients. The bacteria of the colon, known as gut flora, can break down substances in the chyme that are not digestible by the human digestive system. Bacterial fermentation produces various vitamins that are absorbed through the walls of the colon. The semi-solid fecal matter is then stored in the r. until it can be pushed out from the body during a bowel movement.
All images/videos by Alila Medical Media are for information purposes ONLY and are NOT intended to replace professional medical advice, diagnosis or treatment. Always seek the advice of a qualified healthcare provider with any questions you may have regarding a medical condition.