Contains per ml.:
Butafosfan 100 mg.
Vitamin B12, cyanocobalamin 50 Mcg
Solvents ad. 1 ml.
Butafosfan vitaminB12 injection is indicated for debilitation by acute or chronic metabolism disorders that result from poor nutrition, inadequate management or disease (e.g. developmental and nutritional disorders in young animals due to rearing disease, and (secondary) ketosis in cows). It can be used for metaphylaxis of infertility, puerperal diseases and in support of sterility treatment. It acts as a roborant in cases of stress, overexertion, exhaustion and reduced resistance, and as a tonic in cases of weakness, secondary anaemia and chilling. Butasal-100 additionally supports muscular physiology, the treatment of infertility, and tetany and paresis as an adjunct to calcium and magnesium therapy.
For intravenous, intramuscular or subcutaneous administration:
Horse and cattle: 5 – 25 ml.
Calves and foals: 5 – 12 ml.
Goats and sheep: 2.5 -5 ml.
Lambs and kids: 1.5 -2.5 ml.
Swine: 2.5 -10 ml.
Piglets: 1 -2.5 ml.
Dogs and cats : 0.5 -5 ml.
Poultry: 1 ml.
- Repeat daily if required.
- In cases of chronic disease: half the dose at intervals of 1 – 2 weeks or less.
- In healthy animals: half the dose.
- For meat: 0 days.
- For milk: 0 days.
Keep out of reach of children.
Glass vial of 100 ml.
Components of the gastrointestinal tract (GI tract) and digestive enzymes. This video and other related animations and images are available for instant download licensing here: https://www.alilamedicalmedia.com/-/galleries/images-videos-by-medical-specialties/gastroenterology-digestive-diseases
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The digestive system is composed of 2 main components: the gastrointestinal tract, or GI tract, where digestion and absorption take place; and accessory organs which secrete various fluids/enzymes to help with digestion. The GI tract is a continuous chain of hollow organs where food enters at one end and waste gets out from the other. These organs are lined with layers of smooth muscles whose rhythmic contractions generate waves of movement along their walls, known as peristalsis. Peristalsis is the force that propels food down the tract.
Digestion is the process of breaking down food into smaller, simpler components, so they can be absorbed by the body. Basically, carbohydrates such as sugars and starch are broken down into glucose, proteins into amino acids, and fat molecules into fatty acids and glycerol.
Digestion starts in the oral cavity where the food is moistened with saliva and chewed, food bolus is formed to facilitate swallowing. Saliva is secreted by the salivary glands and contains the enzyme amylase, which breaks down starch into maltose and dextrin that can be further processed in the small intestine. Saliva also contains salivary lipase, which starts the process of fat digestion.
The food bolus is propelled down the esophagus by peristalsis into the stomach, the major organ of the GI tract. The stomach produces gastric juice containing pepsin- a protease, and hydrochloric acid which act to digest proteins. At the same time, mechanical churning is performed by muscular contraction of the stomach wall. The result is the formation of chyme – a semi-liquid mass of partially digested food. Chyme is stored in the stomach and is slowly released into the first part of the small intestine – the duodenum. The duodenum receives the following digestive enzymes from accessory organs:
- Bile, produced in the liver and stored in the gallbladder; bile emulsifies fats and makes it easier for lipase to break them down.
- Pancreatic juice from the pancreas. This mixture contains proteases, lipases and amylase and plays major role in digestion of proteins and fats.
The small intestine also produces its own enzymes: peptidases, sucrase, lactase, and maltase. Intestinal enzymes contribute mainly to the hydrolysis of polysaccharides.
The small intestine is where most of digestion and absorption take place. The walls of the small intestine absorb the digested nutrients into the bloodstream, which in turn delivers them to the rest of the body. In the small intestine, the chyme moves more slowly allowing time for thorough digestion and absorption. This is made possible by segmentation contractions of the circular muscles in the intestinal walls. Segmentation contractions move chyme in both directions. This allows a better mixing with digestive juices and a longer contact time with the intestinal walls.
The large intestine converts digested left-over into feces. It absorbs water and any remaining nutrients. The bacteria of the colon, known as gut flora, can break down substances in the chyme that are not digestible by the human digestive system. Bacterial fermentation produces various vitamins (B, K) that are absorbed through the walls of the colon.
The semi-solid fecal matter is then stored in the r. until it can be pushed out from the body during a bowel movement.
All images/videos by Alila Medical Media are for information purposes ONLY and are NOT intended to replace professional medical advice, diagnosis or treatment. Always seek the advice of a qualified healthcare provider with any questions you may have regarding a medical condition.
To learn more about allergy and immunology treatments at The Ohio State University Wexner Medical Center, visit https://wexnermedical.osu.edu/ear-nose-throat/allergy-immunology-care. To make an appointment, call 614-355-9000.
Studies reveal up to 90 percent of people self-reporting a penicillin allergy do not actually have one. They may have either outgrown the allergy or their initial symptoms may have been caused by something else. Kara Wada, MD, an allergy and immunology specialist at Ohio State, explains the importance of being tested if you think you are allergic to penicillin, so it can be added back as an acceptable medicine for you in the future if you’re not actually allergic. This can prove a tremendous benefit as we face more antibiotic resistance.