Levamisole HCl: 2.00%w/v
Cobalt Sulphate: 0.40%w/v
Oxyclozanide and Levamisole act against a broad spectrum of gastrointestinal worms and against lung worms. Oxyclozanide is a salicylanilide and acts against Trematodes, bloodsucking nematodes and larvae of hypoderma and Oestrus spp. Levamisole causes an increase of the axial muscle tone followed by paralysis of worms.
Oxyclozanide and Levamisole Oral Suspension is prophylaxis and treatment of gastrointestinal and lung worm infections in cattle, calves, sheep and goats like: Trichostrongylus, Cooperia, Ostertagia, Haemonchus, Nematodirus, Chabertia, Bunostomum, Dictyocaulus and Fasciola (liverfluke) spp.
For treatment & control of round, tape worms, liver fluke & cobalt deficiency.
LIVERFLUKE NO.1 is highly effective at a single dose rate in buffaloes, cattle sheep & goats against:
(1) All stomach and intestinal round worms including nematodirus & ostertagia species.
(2) Lung worms causing hoose & husk.
(3) Tapeworm segments.
(4) Liver flukes.
Pharmacological action: N/A
Usage and administration:
For oral administration.
Cattle, calves : 5 ml. per 10 kg. body weight.
Sheep and goats : 1 ml. per 2 kg. body weight.
Shake well before use.
LIVERFLUKE NO.1 should be used:
1. All times of the year when treatment for both liver fluke and roundworm is necessary.
2. For all brought-in stock.
3. In Summer when simultaneous control of roundworms and removal of liver fluke is required.
Normal worms’ infection without any outward signs can be seriously harmful to production. It is therefore advisable to plan dosing programme on herd or flock basis and not to wait until worm infestation breakout in the entire farm. Such programme should be related to management systems and the major danger periods of worm infection.
Side effect and contraindication: N/A
Wash hands after use of LIVERFLUKE NO.1.
Milking 24 hours and slaughtering 14days.
Storage and expired time:
Protect from heat & light. Store below 30.C.
Acquired immune deficiency syndrome or acquired immunodeficiency syndrome (AIDS) is a disease of the human immune system caused by the human immunodeficiency virus (HIV). The illness interferes with the immune system making people with AIDS much more likely to get infections, including opportunistic infections and tumors that do not affect people with working immune systems. This susceptibility gets worse as the disease continues.
HIV is transmitted in many ways, such as anal, vaginal or oral sex, blood transfusion, contaminated hypodermic needles, exchange between mother and baby during pregnancy, childbirth, and breastfeeding. It can be transmitted by any contact of a mucous membrane or the bloodstream with a bodily fluid that has the virus in it, such as the blood, semen,vaginal fluid, preseminal fluid, or breast milk from an infected person.
The virus and disease are often referred to together as HIV/AIDS. The disease is a major health problem in many parts of the world, and is considered a pandemic, a disease outbreak that is not only present over a large area but is actively spreading. In 2009, the World Health Organization (WHO) estimated that there are 33.4 million people worldwide living with HIV/AIDS, with 2.7 million new HIV infections per year and 2.0 million annual deaths due to AIDS. In 2007,UNAIDS estimated: 33.2 million people worldwide had AIDS that year; AIDS killed 2.1 million people in the course of that year, including 330,000 children, and 76% of those deaths occurred in sub-Saharan Africa. According to UNAIDS 2009 report, worldwide some 60 million people have been infected since the start of the pandemic, with some 25 million deaths, and 14 million orphaned children in southern Africa alone.
Genetic research indicates that HIV originated in west-central Africa during the late nineteenth or early twentieth century. AIDS was first recognized by the U. S. Centers for Disease Control and Prevention in 1981 and its cause, HIV, identified in the early 1980s.
Although treatments for HIV/AIDS can slow the course of the disease, there is no known cure or vaccine. Antiretroviraltreatment reduces both the deaths and new infections from HIV/AIDS, but these drugs are expensive and the medicationsare not available in all countries. Due to the difficulty in treating HIV infection, preventing infection is a key aim in controlling the AIDS pandemic, with health organizations promoting safe sex and needle-exchange programmes in attempts to slow the spread of the virus.
Educational content and audio offered by courtesy of Wikipedia, under a CC BY-SA 3.0 license.
Speakers: Maximilianklein, MichChemGSI, Arbitrarily0, Michael Barera, AzryckAnin, and Pixor
Speakers website: https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/File:En-AIDS.ogg
Painting: Detail of Raphael’s Sistine Madonna
Photo by: Carulmare
Photo license: CC BY 2.0
Photo url: https://www.flickr.com/photos/8545333@N07/2236201095
For any suggestions you can contact us in the comments below or at email@example.com. Subscribe now to our channel for more interesting educational content!
Leave a comment below with what subject you would like for us to explain next