Synonyms: Identification numbers
CAS number: 70288-86-7 (mixture)
Other numbers: 70161-11-4 (component B1a) 70209-81 (component B1b)
Brand names, Trade names: BULIVER, SANIVER, VIMIVER
Each ml. contains ivermectin 10 mg.
Parasitic diseases are common in animals. Parasites can affect the skin, ears, stomach and intestines, and the internal organs including the heart, lungs and liver. Several drugs have been developed to kill or prevent parasites such as fleas, ticks, mites and worms. Ivermectin and related drugs are among the most effective of these.
Ivermectin is a parasite control drug. Ivermectin causes neurologic damage to the parasite, resulting in paralysis and death. Ivermectin has been used to prevent parasite infections, as with heartworm prevention, and to treat infections, as with ear mites.
Ivermectin is a prescription drug and can only be obtained from a veterinarian or by prescription from a veterinarian.
The injection is mainly applied to treat domestic animal’s diseases of gastrointestinal nematodes, hypoderma bovis, hypoderma lineatum, sheep nose bot, psoroptes ovis, sarcoptes scabiei var. Suis,sarcoptes ovis, fasciola(Liver Fluke), oestrus spp and the like.
Cattle: Ostertagia ostertagi (including inhibited o. ostertagi), o. lyrata, haemonchus placei, trichostrongylus axei, t. colubriformis, cooperia oncophora, c. punctata, c. pectinata, bunostomum phlebotomum, nematodirus helvetianus (adults only), n. spathiger (adults only), oesophagostomum radiatum, dictyocaulus viviparus, fasciola hepatica (adults only), hypoderma bovis, h. lineatum, linognathus vituli, haematopinus eurysternus, solenopotes capillatus, psoroptes ovis (syn. p. communis var. bovis), sarcoptes scabiei var. bovis. Sheep: Oestrus ovis, sarcoptes scabiei, psoregates var ovis, trichostrongylus axei, haemonchus sps., ostertagia sps., trichostrongylus sps., nematodirus sps., cooperia sps., bunostomum sps., strongyloides sps., oesophagastomum sps., chabertia sps., trichuris sps., dictyocaulus sps. Dogs: Sarcoptes scabiei, otodectes cynotis, toxascaris leonina, toxocara caninum / cati, uncinaria stenocephala, ancylostoma caninum, trichuris vulpis,dirifilaria (larval stages)
Usage and administration:
Cattle: 1.0 ml/50 kg body weight.
Sheep: 0.5 ml/25 kg body weight.
Dogs: 0.5 ml /25 kg body weight.
Medication should never be administered without first consulting your veterinarian. The dose for ivermectin varies from species to species and also depends on the intent of treatment. General dosing guidelines follow.
For dogs: Dose is 0.0015 to 0.003 mg per pound (0.003 to 0.006 mg/kg) once a month for heartworm prevention; 0.15 mg per pound (0.3 mg/kg) once, then repeat in 14 days for skin parasites; and 0.1 mg per pound (0.2 mg/kg) once for gastrointestinal parasites.
For cats: Dose is 0.012 mg per pound (0.024 mg/kg) once monthly for heartworm prevention.
The duration of administration depends on the condition being treated, response to the medication and the development of any adverse effects. Be certain to complete the prescription unless specifically directed by your veterinarian. Even if your pet feels better, the entire treatment plan should be completed to prevent relapse or prevent the development of resistance.
Side effect and contraindication:
While generally safe and effective when prescribed by a veterinarian, ivermectin can cause side effects in some animals. Ivermectin should not be used in animals with known hypersensitivity or allergy to the drug. Ivermectin should be used with caution in collie breeds or collie mixed breeds due to potential toxic effects. This is particularly true when using higher doses. Ivermectin should not be used in dogs that are positive for heartworm disease except under strict supervision of a veterinarian. Prior to starting a heartworm prevention containing ivermectin, the dog should be tested for heartworms. Ivermectin generally should be avoided in dogs less than 6 weeks of age. Ivermectin is relatively safe, but overdoses can occur if massive amounts are given or if the drug is given to heartworm positive dogs. Signs of overdose, including stumbling, tremors, blindness, disorientation or weakness, generally occur within 12 hours of overdose.
In heartworm positive dogs, supportive treatment for shock may be required. Ivermectin should be used with caution at high doses, a drug used to treat or prevent flea infestations.
The withdrawal time of 49 days has been established for ivermectin and clorsulon in cattle and sheep for slaughter. A withdrawal period for milk has not been established.
Keep this and all drugs out of the reach of children.
Storage and expired time：
Put in cool, dry and dark place.
Hello, Acalculous cholecystitis is a gallbladder inflammation without gallstones. Patients can have signs of fever, jaundice, right upper quadrant mass and pain, and Murphy’s sign, which is gallbladder pain induced by your hand when you palpate the gallbladder at the same time as the patient inhale. Patients are usually very ill due to complications of gallbladder inflammation, like Gallbladder necrosis, gangrene, and perforation, that can lead to peritonitis, sepsis, and shock.The lab values can show increased amount of Alkaline phosphatase, Aminotransferases, Bilirubin and Leukocytes. The most important test to make is Ultrasonography. Ultrasonography can show that there are no gallstones or sludge; more than 3 mm gallbladder wall thickening, more than 5 cm gallbladder distension, a striated gallbladder, mucosal sloughing, a positive Murphy’s sign induced by the ultrasonography probe, pericholecystic fluid that indicates perforation that can lead to abscess formation, and “Champagne sign” with gas bubbles in gallbladder fundus. If Ultrasonography is not enough for diagnosis, then Cholescintigraphy, a so-called HIDA scan can be used. But it takes hours to perform, so it’s not recommended in critically ill patients in whom a delay in therapy could be deadly. Here we inject Technetium labeled Hepatic IminoDiacetic Acid that is taken up by liver cells and excreted into bile to the gallbladder. If this does not happen, then it’s an indication of acalculous cholecystitis. We can inject Morphine that helps the liver cells to secrete bile into the gallbladder, and thereby makes the diagnosis easier. We treat acalculous cholecystitis with antibiotics and surgery. Before giving antibiotics, we need to take a blood culture. While we wait for the blood culture results, we start a broad-spectrum antibiotic combination, like Ampicillin-Sulbactam, or Piperacillin-Tazobactam, or Ticarcillin-Clavulanate, or Ceftriaxone-Metronidazole. When we get the blood culture results we start to treat the specific microbes that infect the gallbladder, like for example Bacteroides, Escherichia coli, Enterococcus faecalis, Klebsiella, Methicillin-resistant Staphylococcus aureus (MRSA), Pseudomonas, or Proteus species. Then it’s very important to surgically operate as soon as possible. We usually start with a Cholecystostomy. But if we don’t see an improvement within 24 hours after the operation, we start Cholecystectomy immediately. Sometimes, when there is gallbladder necrosis, perforation, or emphysematous cholecystitis, we start with Cholecystectomy right from the beginning. Thank you very much for listening!